A new study recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine has found evidence that taking vitamin B-3 complex, especially during the first trimester, can reduce the risk of miscarriage and birth defects.
Miscarriage and Congenital Abnormalities
Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of pregnancy prior to the 20th week. While the true occurrence of miscarriage is unknown, there are approximately 23,000 cases reported in the U.S. every year. In addition, one in 33 children will be born with a birth defect and approximately one in five instances of infant death is due to a congenital abnormality.
The study, led by Prof. Sally Dunwoodie, from the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute in Sydney, Australia, discovered a link between a deficiency in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and congenital abnormalities of the heart, spine, kidneys, as well as a cleft palate.
What is NAD?
NAD is a molecule that enhances DNA repair, boosts positive cell growth and is involved in energy production. NAD can be found in plants, like ginger and tarragon, and in some meats, such as tuna and turkey. In addition, vitamin B-3 complex supplements contain niacin- which is a key component of NAD.
NAD deficiencies can be caused by many factors, such as genetic conditions, chronic diseases (i.e., diabetes) and poor nutrition. Women in their first trimester tend to have lower NAD levels, possibly due to fetal organ development. You should follow your OBGYN’s instructions when taking supplements during pregnancy, including vitamin B-3 complex.
Vitamin B-3 May Reduce Miscarriage and Congenital Abnormalities
While additional research is required, the study indicates that appropriately supplementing vitamin B-3 complex for NAD deficiencies can reduce the occurrence of birth defects and improve the likelihood of live birth. An effective test will need to be developed to monitor NAD levels. Discuss your nutrition and supplement requirements during pregnancy with your
Call our office to speak with Dr. Nathan T. Thomas regarding vitamin B-3 complex supplements.