TrichomoniasisTrichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that produces no symptoms in 70 percent of cases.

Understanding Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a parasitic infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, a protozoan parasite. The parasite is passed between partners during sexual intercourse. Even individuals with no symptoms of trichomoniasis can spread the infection.

Signs & Symptoms of Trichomoniasis in Women

When symptoms are present, they include:

  • Vaginal Itching
  • Vaginal Burning
  • Painful urination
  • Yellow or green vaginal discharge
  • Discomfort during sex
  • Genital inflammation

Diagnosing Trichomoniasis

It is not possible to diagnose trichomoniasis based on symptoms alone. Your gynecologist or health care provider will obtain a sample of vaginal discharge to send to the lab to confirm the presence of the parasite.

Treatment of Trichomoniasis

If it is determined you do have trichomoniasis, your gynecologist will prescribe a single dose of metronidazole (Flagyl). Both you and your partner should take the oral medication at the same time to prevent reinfection.

It is possible to contract the infection more than once. If you have been treated for trichomoniasis, it is important to delay sexual relations until you are symptom-free and your partner has also completed treatment.

Preventing Trichomoniasis Infection

Although it may not be possible to prevent all infections in sexually active individuals, there are steps that will reduce the risk of contracting trichomoniasis and other STDs.

  • ALWAYS use latex condoms during sex
  • Limit your number of sexual partners or practice sexual abstinence
  • Talk with new sexual partners about STDs and consider testing for both of you